CyberVolunteers Definitions of Terms
The present page aims to help define terms related to cybervolunteerism.
Applications used for computing development.
Cloud computing is a style of computing in which dynamically scalable and often virtualised resources are provided as a service over the Internet. Users need not have knowledge of, expertise in, or control over the technology infrastructure "in the cloud" that supports them.
Volunteers get involved in local, regional, and international projects for a period of several weeks or months, offering their skills in areas such as web or software development, system administration, and content generation.
Grid Computing is an emerging technology that provides seamless access to computing power and data storage capacity distributed over the globe. Grid computing (or the use of computational grids) is the application of several computers to a single problem at the same time -- usually to a scientific or technical problem that requires a great number of computer processing cycles or access to large amounts of data. Grid computing depends on software to divide and apportion pieces of a program among several computers, sometimes up to many thousands. Grid computing can also be thought of as distributed and large-scale cluster computing, as well as a form of network-distributed parallel processing.
Information and Communication Technologies, a term that designates technologies related to the Internet and multimedia. The term also covers the notion of increased interactivity of these products and services targeting a non-specialized public. Through IT, telecommunications networks, and audiovisuals.
An ICT volunteer is someone who uses Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as a central part of his or her service, or, who advocates for ICT access for under-serviced communities.
An international volunteer is a person who volunteers outside of his or her own country. Some international volunteers, usually those who will spend a year or more in the field, receive a small stipend, and agree not to engage in any other jobs during their full-time volunteer assignment. Short-term international volunteers usually receive no stipend, sometimes must even pay all of their own transportation and housing expenses, and also agree not to engage in any other jobs during their full-time volunteer assignment.
Institutions involved in cybervolunteering
Millennium Development Goals
An online volunteer is a person who contributes time and effort with an organization through an online connection, rather than or in addition to onsite service. The practice of donating time online goes by other names, such as virtual volunteering, cyber service, telementoring, e-volunteering, and cyber volunteering.
Open Source and Free Software
Also called peer-to-peer computing, global computing or community computing, it uses computers offered by the general public on a voluntary basis to do complex scientific computing. It is currently being used in particular in molecular biology, medicine, climate studies, high energy physics, and environmental sciences.
Distributed thinking, or volunteer thinking, is the use of volunteers on the Internet to perform tasks that use human cognition, knowledge, or intelligence. Through joint efforts, results can be compared and refined.